Papua New Guinea, the land of diversity and last frontier for Biodiversity Conservation. Situated north of Australia, Papua New Guinea is a Pacific Island country that comprises the eastern half of the Island of New Guinea and four islands bordered by the Solomon Islands to the east and Indonesia to the west. It is one of the largest tropical islands on earth, New Guinea remains covered by the 3rd largest rainforest in the world, after the Amazon and the Congo Basin.
The country’s forests consist of diverse lowland (57% of total forest cover), montane forest (29%), swamp forest (10%), dry evergreen forest (2%) and mangrove (2%). Papua New Guinea’s vast coastline of approximately 20,197 km2 accounts for almost 44% of the country’s land area. Situated within the center of the Coral Triangle, the reefs and marine ecosystems around Papua New Guinea is also home to over 600 species of corals that host up to 3,000 species of fish. PNG also hosts one of the extensive and species-rich mangrove forests that is home to up to 43 species.