Skip to main content
19 July 2021 | dataset

Status of the Coral Reefs in Australia and Papua New Guinea 2008

Department of Environment and Conservation

The Department of Environment and Conservation (DEC) was established in 1985. Its mission (approved by the National Executive Council on 22 August 1989) is to ensure natural and physical resources are managed to sustain environmental quality and human well-being.

The key legislations administered by the Department are:

Environmental Planning Act 1978

Environmental Contaminants Act 1978

Conservation Areas Act 1978

National Parks Act 1982

International Trade (Fauna & Flora) Act 1979

Fauna (Protection and Control) Act 1966

Crocodile Trade (Protection) Act 1974

Water Resources Act 1982

It also has an important role under the Forests Act 1992.


The corals reefs of Australia and Papua New Guinea cover 19% of the world’s total reef area and contain levels of biological diversity approaching the ‘hot spots’ of the Philippines and Indonesia; Human pressures on these reefs are lower than in other parts of the world (particularly SE Asia). The reefs of eastern Australia, particularly the Great Barrier Reef (GBR), have a long history of research and monitoring and world leading management; Most coral reef management is implemented through Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) while fisheries resources are managed through specific fisheries management arrangements. Australian reefs are usually managed through cooperative arrangements between state and national governments, while management arrangements in PNG are predominantly driven by efforts of NGOs, local communities and local governments.

Data and Resource

Status of the Coral Reefs in Australia and Papua New Guinea

18 paged chapter of the Status of Coral Reefs…

Field Value
Publisher PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority
Modified 19 July 2021
Release Date 19 July 2021
Identifier 34f38dfb-831c-418d-ba00-94d9a2688393
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Location PNG
Language English
License Public
[Open Data]
Author Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network
Contact Name Paul Anderson
Contact Email [email protected]