The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity is an international agreement which aims to ensure the safe handling, transport and use of living modified organisms (LMOs) resulting from modern biotechnology that may have adverse effects on biological diversity, taking also into account risks to human health.
Papua New Guinea is a party to the Cartagena Protocol and this is the first national report on the country's implementation of the protocol.
The New Guinea Challenge - Development and Conservation in Societies of Great Cultural and Biological diversity
The Conservation Needs Assessment (CNA) for Papua New Guinea was requested by the government of Papua
New Guinea and funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). The CNA was implemented by the Biodiversity Support Program, a USAID-funded consortium of World Wildlife Fund, World Resources Institute, and The Nature Conservancy, in collaboration with local and international non-governmental organizations (NGOs), museums, and academic institutions.
Papua New Guinea (PNG) is committed to the establishment of a network of protected areas to fulfil
national and international commitments. The primary objective of this assessment was to provide an updated
set of conservation priorities by integrating Terrestrial and Marine Programme of Works on Protected Areas
A conservation planning study in Papua New Guinea (PNG) addresses the role of
biodiversity surrogates and biodiversity targets, in the context of the trade-offs required
for planning given real-world costs and constraints. In a trade-offs framework, surrogates
must be judged in terms of their success in predicting general biodiversity
complementarity values – the amount of additional biodiversity an area can contribute to
a protected set. Wrong predictions of low complementarity (and consequent allocation of
For the Ninth Pacific Islands Conference on Nature Conservation and Protected Areas December 2013, the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) commissioned an assessment of the status of biodiversity and conservation in Oceania. This report assesses the overall state of conservation in Papua New Guinea using 16 indicators.
*this report wasn't published but was sent to country for checking (2013)* - to be used for the Regional SOE initiative 2019
Escalating anthropogenic impacts on tropical biodiversity have increased the vulnerability of endemic species. Selective harvesting of species is one of the major threats to birds and mammal species in the tropics. Many indigenous cultures, however, have long established cultural associations with certain species. The hunting and trade of species have been mainly for subsistence and socio-cultural ties within their communities.
Hunting is a major driver of biodiversity loss, but a systematic large-scale estimate of hunting-induced defaunation is lacking. We synthesized 176 studies to quantify huntinginduced declines of mammal and bird populations across the tropics. Bird and mammal abundances declined by 58% (25 – 76 %) and by 83% (72 – 90%) in hunted compared to unhunted areas. Bird and mammal populations were depleted within 7 and 40 km from hunters’ access points (roads and settlements). Additionally, hunting pressure was higher in areas with better accessibility to major towns where wild meat could be traded.
Papua New Guinea is committed to the establishment of a network of marine protected areas
to fulfil national and international commitments. In order to assist this, the conservation
priority areas analysis identified a range of areas of high conservation interest in the PNG
marine environment, based on the principles of comprehensiveness, adequacy,
representation and resilience (CARR). The analysis collated available national-scale data on
biodiversity features and biodiversity surrogates.
This report describes some of the challenges for biodiversity planning arise from a study in Papua New Guinea, but apply equally to biodiversity planning in general. These are;
* the best use of available data for providing biodiversity surrogate information
* the integration of representatives and persistence goals into the area prioritization process
* implications for the implementation of a conservation plan over time.
Papua New Guinea (PNG) is committed to the establishment of a network of protected areas to fulfil national and international commitments.
Conservation Status of Marine Biodiversity in Oceania.
Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) is a conservation NGO working globallly and in PNG
The 2020 State of Environment Report is the first for Papua New Guinea.