The country has submitted its latest report using the PRAIS portal for the UNCCD. It is the latest report that was being submitted.
The Papua New Guinea Government submits PNG’s first Biennial Update Report (BUR1) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The report follows the BUR guidelines for developing countries according to paragraphs 39 to 42 of Decision 2/CP.17 and its Annex III.
This report stems from a simple observation: that since Independence in 1975, Papua New Guinea’s economic and social development outcomes have not matched people’s aspirations or government promises. Indeed, despite the abundance of its riches, PNG lags behind its Pacific neighbours on many important development indicators.
Only 10 percent of the population in Papua New Guinea (PNG) has access to the national electricity grid, leaving 6.3 million people without access to the energy needed to meet their basic needs. Lack of reliable lighting limits people’s ability to undertake daily activities like household chores, reading, schoolwork, and conducting business outside of daylight hours.
Pacific Island states are some of the most vulnerable nations in the world when it comes to the impact of climate
change. As yet, none of the Pacific Island States have any operational coal mines or coal-fired power stations. However, this could all soon change.
The 14 developing member countries (DMCs) of the Pacific Department of the Asi an Development Bank (ADB) cover a wide diversity. Populations range from the top three countries, representing 87% of the region’s population, to the remaining 11 countries, with a total of less than 1.5 million people. The region covers 15% of the globe’s surface, with remote countries ranging from large single landmass entities to smaller countries covering over 900 islands.
This chapter provides a brief description of Papua New Guinea, its past and present climate as well as projections for the future. The climate observation network and the availability of atmospheric and oceanic data records are outlined. The annual mean climate, seasonal cycles and the influences of large-scale climate features such as the West Pacific Monsoon and patterns of climate variability (e.g. the El Niño‑Southern Oscillation) are analysed and discussed.