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 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of Works & Implementation,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock

The island of New Guinea hosts the third largest expanse of tropical rainforest on the planet. Papua New Guinea—comprising the eastern half of the island—plans to nearly double its national road network (from 8,700 to 15,000 km) over the next three years, to spur economic growth. We assessed these plans using fine-scale biophysical and environmental data. We identified numerous environmental and socioeconomic risks associated with these projects, including the dissection of 54 critical biodiversity habitats and diminished forest connectivity across large expanses of the island.

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of National Planning & Monitoring,  PNG Department of Works & Implementation,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock,  James Cook University

The island of New Guinea hosts the third largest expanse of tropical rainforest on the planet. Papua New Guinea—comprising the eastern half of the island—plans to nearly double its national road network (from 8,700 to 15,000 km) over the next three years, to spur economic growth. We assessed these plans using fine-scale biophysical and environmental data. We identified numerous environmental and socioeconomic risks associated with these projects, including the dissection of 54 critical biodiversity habitats and diminished forest connectivity across large expanses of the island.

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 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock

Tropical forestry and logging are complex subjects, encompassing a range of diffi cult issues, including land ownership, the sustainability of natural resources, the impact on climate change, the social and economic impact of logging on isolated and relatively untouched, subsistence sector communities, and the protection of the basic rights of the people concerned.

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of National Planning & Monitoring,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock

Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) forests and forestry have played an important role in the livelihoods of the people of the country for many years. Forests have provided a source for food, fruits and nuts, building materials, medicinal plants, habitats for refuge and a wealth of other services.

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of National Planning & Monitoring,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock,  Climate Change and Development Authority in PNG

A summary of various datasets on logging concessions, exports, forest cover are presented here.

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of National Planning & Monitoring,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock

Oil palm prices may hold up in the medium term, with strong demand from India and China. Yet, like other non-oil commodities, oil palm prices are likely to remain volatile, and to experience a long term relative price decline. (Chapter 3). 2. World prices are not the main problem for small farmers in PNG.

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of National Planning & Monitoring,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock,  Climate Change and Development Authority in PNG

Oil palm prices may hold up in the medium term, with strong demand from India and China. Yet, like other non-oil commodities, oil palm prices are likely to remain volatile, and to experience a long term relative price decline. (Chapter 3). World prices are not the main problem for small farmers in PNG. Three factors are likely to place a ceiling on the economic benefits for small farmers: (i) small farmers remain at the highly competitive end of a large grower market, with little market power, keeping them as ‘price takers’; (ii) a large monopsony (all

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock,  Climate Change and Development Authority in PNG

Peatlands are common in montane areas above 1,000 m in New Guinea and become extensive above 3,000 m in the subalpine zone. In the montane mires, swamp forests and grass or sedge fens predominate on swampy alley bottoms. These mires may be 4–8 m in depth and up to 30,000 years in age. In Papua New Guinea (PNG) there is about 2,250 km2 of montane peatland, and Papua Province (the Indonesian western half of the island) probably contains much more. Above 3,000 m, peat soils form under blanket bog on slopes as well as on valley floors.

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock

Fire and Sustainable Agricultural and Forestry Development

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  Climate Change and Development Authority in PNG

PNG Biomass project

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 PNG Forestry Authority,  Climate Change and Development Authority in PNG

REDD+ in PNG

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,   National Fisheries Authority of Papua New Guinea ,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of National Planning & Monitoring,  PNG Department of Works & Implementation,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock,  Climate Change and Development Authority in PNG

Climate change and migration

 PNG Forestry Authority,  Climate Change and Development Authority in PNG,  PNG Oil Palm Industry Corporation, Department of Agriculture and Livestock

REDD+

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of National Planning & Monitoring,  PNG Department of Works & Implementation,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock,  PNG Mineral Resources Authority,  Climate Change and Development Authority in PNG,  Papua New Guinea Forest Industries Association (Inc),  PNG Department of Lands and Physical Planning

This report stems from a simple observation: that since Independence in 1975, Papua New Guinea’s economic and social development outcomes have not matched people’s aspirations or government promises. Indeed, despite the abundance of its riches, PNG lags behind its Pacific neighbours on many important development indicators.

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  Climate Change and Development Authority in PNG

Forest

 PNG Forestry Authority,  Climate Change and Development Authority in PNG,  UNDP

Strengthening the capacity of decision making on REDD+

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 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  Climate Change and Development Authority in PNG

Forestry and climate change

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