The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity is an international agreement which aims to ensure the safe handling, transport and use of living modified organisms (LMOs) resulting from modern biotechnology that may have adverse effects on biological diversity, taking also into account risks to human health.
Papua New Guinea is a party to the Cartagena Protocol and this is the first national report on the country's implementation of the protocol.
The BioRAP Toolbox constitutes a complex series of computer programs (ANUDEM, ANUSPLIN, ANUCLIM, PATN and TARGET). This was first assembled in 1994 – 1995 by the Environment Resources Information Network (ERIN), Great Barrier Reef Management Park Authority (GBRMPA), Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies (CRES) of Australian National University and CSIRO (Division of Wildlife & Ecology).
^Varirata National Park is PNGs first protected area, declared in 1969 (©Biatus Bito).
Customary landowners, custodians of 97% of land in PNG, recognise many areas of land and sea as “tambu” – areas of special spiritual significance. Customary landownership is therefore integral to PNGs 2.1 million hectares in its 59 protected areas. Protected areas sustain livelihoods, help maintain culture, provide tourism opportunities, store carbon, and protect biodiversity.
ExxonMobil PNG Limited (EMPNG) is committed to safeguarding biodiversity in areas where the company operates and, in particular, the biodiversity values in the Upstream area of the Papua New Guinea Liquefied Natural Gas (PNG LNG) Project. The Biodiversity Strategy and this Biodiversity Implementation and Monitoring Program outline how impacts on biodiversity will be assessed and managed.
The island of New Guinea has an exceptionally high biodiversity, and a large proportion of its fauna and flora is found nowhere else on Earth. Charismatic species such as birds-of-paradise, echidnas and tree kangaroos are widely known and often have great cultural significance for local communities in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Less well known is that the flora and smaller fauna of PNG are not only incredibly diverse but remain poorly documented, and numerous plants and animals that are new to science are being discovered every year.
A conservation planning study in Papua New Guinea (PNG) addresses the role of
biodiversity surrogates and biodiversity targets, in the context of the trade-offs required
for planning given real-world costs and constraints. In a trade-offs framework, surrogates
must be judged in terms of their success in predicting general biodiversity
complementarity values – the amount of additional biodiversity an area can contribute to
a protected set. Wrong predictions of low complementarity (and consequent allocation of
A rapid biodiversity assessment ("BioRap") project identified candidate areas for
biodiversity protection in Papua New Guinea (PNG) and provides an ongoing
evaluation framework for balancing biodiversity conservation and other land use
needs. Achieving a biodiversity protection target with minimum opportunity cost was
an important outcome given that biodiversity values overlap with forestry production
values, and high forgone forestry opportunities would mean significant losses to land
This report describes some of the challenges for biodiversity planning arise from a study in Papua New Guinea, but apply equally to biodiversity planning in general. These are;
* the best use of available data for providing biodiversity surrogate information
* the integration of representatives and persistence goals into the area prioritization process
* implications for the implementation of a conservation plan over time.
Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) is a conservation NGO working globallly and in PNG