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 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of National Planning & Monitoring,  PNG Department of Works & Implementation,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock,  James Cook University

The island of New Guinea hosts the third largest expanse of tropical rainforest on the planet. Papua New Guinea—comprising the eastern half of the island—plans to nearly double its national road network (from 8,700 to 15,000 km) over the next three years, to spur economic growth. We assessed these plans using fine-scale biophysical and environmental data. We identified numerous environmental and socioeconomic risks associated with these projects, including the dissection of 54 critical biodiversity habitats and diminished forest connectivity across large expanses of the island.

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 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of National Planning & Monitoring,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock

FAO, at the request of its member countries, regularly monitors the world´s forests and their management and uses through the Global Forest Resources Assessment (FRA). This country report is prepared as a contribution to the FAO publication, the Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015 (FRA 2015).

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority

With 3.8 million cubic meters of tropical wood exported in 2014, primarily to China, Papua New Guinea (PNG) has become the world’s largest exporter of tropical wood, surpassing Malaysia, which had held the top spot for the
past several decades.

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock

Tropical forestry and logging are complex subjects, encompassing a range of diffi cult issues, including land ownership, the sustainability of natural resources, the impact on climate change, the social and economic impact of logging on isolated and relatively untouched, subsistence sector communities, and the protection of the basic rights of the people concerned.

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of National Planning & Monitoring,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock

Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) forests and forestry have played an important role in the livelihoods of the people of the country for many years. Forests have provided a source for food, fruits and nuts, building materials, medicinal plants, habitats for refuge and a wealth of other services.

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of National Planning & Monitoring,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock,  Climate Change and Development Authority in PNG

A summary of various datasets on logging concessions, exports, forest cover are presented here.

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock,  Climate Change and Development Authority in PNG

Papua New Guinea (PNG) has one of the most significant areas of tropical forest in the world. These forests are, however, under threat from commercial logging, clearing of land for agricultural commodities, mining or the expansion of small-scale agriculture to meet the livelihood needs of the country's largely rural population.

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of National Planning & Monitoring,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock

The Papua New Guinea Resource Information System (PNGRIS) is a micro-computer-based georeferenced
database containing information on natural resources, population distribution, rural land use, small-holder economic activity and land use potential (Bellamy 1986). It is compiled at 1:500 000 scale for approximately 5000 Resource Mapping Units (RMUs) covering the entire land area of Papua New Guinea (PNG).

 PNG Department of National Planning & Monitoring,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock,  PNG Oil Palm Industry Corporation, Department of Agriculture and Livestock ,  National Agriculture and Quarantine Inspection Authority (NAQIA)

PNG has a diverse and rich resource base for plants, animal and aquaculture genetic resources used for food and agriculture. These resources suppor the livelihood of the majority of rural population in the country. The safeguarding, maintainence and sustainable uses of this genetic diversity is essential for the current as well as livelihood security

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 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority

Documentation on getting started with the Inform Data Portal.

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 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of National Planning & Monitoring,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock
  National Fisheries Authority of Papua New Guinea ,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock

Food is made up of three major components – proteins, carbohydrates and fats – and each is necessary for growth and healthy living. Although all three provide energy, carbohydrates, which consist of starches and sugars, provide the highest proportion of the food energy (or fuel) that human bodies need to function. Protein, used for building and repairing the body, comes from animal products such as meat, fish, and milk, but also from grains and vegetable foods. Small quantities of fats and oils are also important in a balanced diet.

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Department of National Planning & Monitoring,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock

The history of agriculture in PNG is about 10 000 years old. This history is reviewed here in the context of 50 000 years of human occupation of the Australia – New Guinea region. 1 More is known about what has happened nearer to the present, especially since 1870, than about the distant past. Much of the early history (prehistory) of PNG was unknown until about 50 years ago, but since 1959 there has been a lot of research on the prehistory of PNG, with a major focus on agriculture. However, this is a rapidly evolving field of study and our understanding of

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of National Planning & Monitoring,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock

Oil palm prices may hold up in the medium term, with strong demand from India and China. Yet, like other non-oil commodities, oil palm prices are likely to remain volatile, and to experience a long term relative price decline. (Chapter 3). 2. World prices are not the main problem for small farmers in PNG.

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of National Planning & Monitoring,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock,  Climate Change and Development Authority in PNG

Oil palm prices may hold up in the medium term, with strong demand from India and China. Yet, like other non-oil commodities, oil palm prices are likely to remain volatile, and to experience a long term relative price decline. (Chapter 3). World prices are not the main problem for small farmers in PNG. Three factors are likely to place a ceiling on the economic benefits for small farmers: (i) small farmers remain at the highly competitive end of a large grower market, with little market power, keeping them as ‘price takers’; (ii) a large monopsony (all

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  Climate Change and Development Authority in PNG

Huon Peninsula, Papua New Guinea, is a tectonically unstable, uplifting shoreline ringed by emergent coral terraces. The terraces were formed during episodes of rapid sea-level rise when corals constructed large, discrete coral platforms that were subsequently uplifted. Uranium series ages of four prominent Huon Peninsula last glacial (OIS 3) coral terraces coincide with the timing of major North Atlantic climate reversals at intervals of 6000^7000 yr between 30 000 yr and 60 000 yr ago.

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 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority

Midway up the slopes of the Andogoro, Moirutapa, and Kundiman mountains that rise up from the surrounding floodplains and separate East Sepik Province from Enga and Western Highlands Provinces in Papua New Guinea, are the traditional settlements of the Upland Arafundi people (Roscoe & Telban 2004:94). Galleries of stencils

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority

Combating land degradation through integrated land management

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Forestry Authority,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock,  Climate Change and Development Authority in PNG

Peatlands are common in montane areas above 1,000 m in New Guinea and become extensive above 3,000 m in the subalpine zone. In the montane mires, swamp forests and grass or sedge fens predominate on swampy alley bottoms. These mires may be 4–8 m in depth and up to 30,000 years in age. In Papua New Guinea (PNG) there is about 2,250 km2 of montane peatland, and Papua Province (the Indonesian western half of the island) probably contains much more. Above 3,000 m, peat soils form under blanket bog on slopes as well as on valley floors.

 PNG Conservation and Environment Protection Authority,  PNG Department of Agriculture and Livestock

Two of the unanswered questions of Papua New Guinea prehistory are: (1) whether agriculture was present
in the mid-Holocene not only in the highlands but also in the lowlands and Bismarck Archipelago and (2)whether the presence of agriculture might have been influenced by interaction between these regions. This paper addresses these questions through an analysis of prehistoric stone mortars, pestles and figures, which hold information on both style and function.