The Context of REDD+ in Papua New Guinea: Drivers, agents and institutions

In 2005, the governments of Papua New Guinea (PNG) and Costa Rica first proposed the concept of reducing carbon emissions from deforestation in developing countries at the 11th Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). In their submission, they noted that both were small
nations that would be greatly affected by climate change. They acknowledged the contribution of tropical deforestation to global carbon emissions but suggested that: ‘In the absence of revenue streams from standing forests, communities and governments in many developing countries have little incentive to prevent deforestation without a more complete market valuation, standing forests cannot overcome the economic opportunity cost associated with their conservation.’(Governments of Papua New Guinea and Costa Rica 2005)

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